Periodontal disease and chronic infections around teeth are the leading cause of bone loss in the oral cavity, though there are others such as ill-fitting dentures and facial trauma. Bone grafting procedures are an excellent way to replace lost bone tissue and encourage natural bone growth. Bone grafting is a versatile and predictable procedure which fulfills a wide variety of functions.
A bone graft may be required to create a stable base for dental implant placement, to halt the progression of gum disease or to make the smile appear more aesthetically pleasing.
At Greystone Dental Clinic, there are a wide variety of reasons why bone grafting may be suggested and performed:
Dental implants – Implants are the preferred replacement method for missing teeth because they restore full functionality to the mouth; however, implants need to be firmly anchored to the jawbone to be effective. If the jawbone lacks the necessary quality or quantity of bone, bone grafting can strengthen and thicken the implant site.
Sinus procedures – A sinus procedure involves entering the sinus area grafting bone onto the sinus floor so that implants can be securely placed.
Extraction site preservation – In order to preserve the amount of bone in an area once the tooth is extracted, the socket is filled with bone to encourage healing and preventing the gums from growing down into the defect.
Bone grafting is a fairly simple procedure which may be performed under local anesthetic. The bone may be taken from another part of the mouth or particulate bone from a “bone bank” may be introduced into the area. A small membrane is usually placed over it hold the graft in place. The gum is sutured in place and a follow up appointment will need to be made within 10 days to assess progress.
Bone grafting is a highly successful treatment and a good base for further periodontal restorations.